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A question on anuggata in the New Concise Pali English Dictionary

Hi.

The word anuggata has two meanings in the New Concise Pali English Dictionary. The second meaning is clear (an+uggata), but I don’t understand the first. How is that meaning derived? Does it occur in the Pali EBTs?

David.

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It is formed: anu + gata

Anugata or anuggata are the past participles of anugacchati.

From the PED:

Anugacchati (p. 34) Anugacchati Anugacchati [anu + gacchati] to go after, to follow, to go or fall into (w. acc.) KhA 223; PvA 141 (˚gacchanto); aor. ˚gamāsi Vin i.16, & anvagā Mhvs 7, 10; 3rd pl. anvagū Sn 586 (vasaŋ = vasaŋ gata SnA 461). Pass. anugammati, ppr. anugammamāna accompanied or followed by, surrounded, adorned with J i.53; v.370. <-> pp. anugata (q. v.).

Anugata (p. 34) Anugata Anugata (adj.) [pp. of anugacchati] gone after, accompanied by, come to; following; fig. fallen or gone into, affected with ( – ˚), being a victim of, suffering M i.16; D iii.85, 173 (parisā); A ii.185 (sota˚, v. l. anudhata); J ii.292 (samudda˚); v.369; Nd2 32 (taṇhā˚); PvA 102 (nāmaŋ mayhaŋ a. has been given to me), 133 (kammaphala˚).

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Thank you, Ven. @Dhammanando!

It would seem therefore that there is ambiguity:

anu + gata > anuggata, NPED meaning 1.
an + u (from ud) + gata > an + uggata > anuggata, NPED meaning 2.

David.

Indeed.

The unclarity in Pali homonyms
Tempts one to drop a bomb on 'ems.

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The scholar enjoys though occasional wins,
when relegating old etymons to the philological bins

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