Factors of Sīla: Pāṇātipātā

Hi There,

I have a question about factors of Pāṇātipātā.
Many resources that I found, said that Pāṇātipātā have Factors:

  1. Pāṇa (There’s a being)
  2. Pāṇāsaññita (Knowing that being is alive)
  3. Cetanā (There’s intention)
  4. Vadhakacittaṁ (Intention to kill)
  5. Upakano (Action to kill)
  6. Tenamaranaṁ (The being is died by that act)

But I cannot find the Sutta that said this,
Anyone here could give me a hint?

PS: Sorry about my bad english grammar :frowning:

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maybe it’s from Vinaya, but might as well be post-canonical

there’re also lists of conditions for other types of misconduct


or in “The Buddha and His Teaching” by Narada

Usually such matters are discussed in most detail in the Vinaya, as noted by LXNDR. There are a number of rules that deal with killing:

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Thanks LXNDR

But the link you provide did not mention the Sutta or Vinaya sources in its content
Are that factors ever mentioned in the commentary?

Thanks Bhante,

I See.
If it was unintentional , then no offence.
But how about the Kamma?
Is the killer (unintentionally) still going to get his Vipaka on this case?

what disappointed me is that intentional killing of an animal isn’t punished by expulsion from the Sangha

so there’s a devaluation of animal’s life in comparison to human’s

That’s true. And there’s also no distinction between squatting a mosquito and, say, shooting an elephant or a monkey.

In terms of the gradations of ethical severity, the Vinaya is a blunt instrument.