Mahāyāna Bhikkhuni Sangha Lineage

We know the problems of Theravāda Bhikkhuni sangha. I was wondering, was there an uninterrupted line of Bhikṣuṇīs in Mahāyāna countries?

Any authoritative reference material (books and such) would be greatly appreciated. :slight_smile:

In Bhante Analayo’s book/essayhttps://www.buddhismuskunde.uni-hamburg.de/pdf/5-personen/analayo/legality.pdf ‘The legality of Bhikkhuni Ordination’ says

Before the Sri Lankan bhikkhunī order came to an end, in the early fifth century a group of Sri Lankan bhikkhunīs transmitted the ordination lineage to China (T L 939c). A Theravāda Vinaya had been translated into Chinese in the late fifth century, but this was later lost (T LV 13b), pre- sumably during a period of political instability. Towards the beginning of the eighth century the Dharmaguptaka Vinaya appears to have been im- posed by imperial order on all monastics in China (T L 793c). From that period onwards all bhikkhus and bhikkhunīs in China had to follow this Vinaya.

later it says

The Chinese preceptors are the heirs of the bhikkhunī lineage that was brought from Sri Lanka to China in the fifth century.

This essay is also from a Theravada perspective but gives some information on bhikkhuni lineage. It has some details I hadn’t read before.

So AFAIK the bhikṣuni lineage in China remained unbroken, which provided the opportunity for modern-day Theravada Bhikkhuni ordination.

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