Pali glossary for Bhikkhus Bodhi and Sujato

This list is based on a file prepared by John Kelly for Ven Bodhi’s translations. The terms listed here are not exhaustive, nor are they 100% consistent. The glossary is used as a starting point to create a consistent translation, but a readable idiomatic rendering in context in always preferred.

Pāli Bodhi: AN Translation Sujato
akālika immediate immediately effective
akiriyavāda doctrine of inactivity [doctrine of] inaction
akuppa unshakable unshakable
akusala unwholesome, unskilled unskillful
akkosati to abuse to abuse
agha (1) misery; (2) vacant [AN 4.127] (1) misery; (2) desolation
aṅga factor factor
aṅgaṇa blemish blemish
acela, acelaka naked ascetic naked ascetic
accāyika urgent urgent
accaya transgression mistake
accharāsaṅghātamattam the time of a finger-snap as long as a finger snap
ajalo intelligent bright
ajjava rectitude integrity
ajjhattaṃ internal, internally internal, internally
ajjhattika internal interior
ajjhācarati to transgress
ajjhūpagata taken hold of [AN 10.93] (1) secured; (2) held to; (3) entered
ajjhosāna attachment attachment
ajjhosāya being attached to [keep] clinging
añjali reverential salutation joined palms
añña final knowledge enlightenment
aññatitthiya belonging to other sects (wanderers outside the Buddhist fold) followers of other paths
aññathābhāva alteration perishing
aññathābhāvī perishing
aññadatthudasa universal seer universal seer
aññāna not knowing
aṭṭhāna impossibility
atimāna arrogance arrogance, superiority complex
atīta past (time) past
attakilamatha self-mortification
attaniya belonging to self belonging to self
attabhāva individuality, body life-form, reincarnation
attamana elated, pleased [AN 4.242] satisfied, etc.
attā self self
attānudiṭṭhi view of self view of self
attha (1) good, benefit; (2) purpose, goal; (3) meaning (1) good, benefit; (2) purpose, goal; (3) meaning
atthagama, atthaṅgama passing away passing away, ending
atthavasa (1) advantage, benefit; (2) ground reason, advantage
adinnādāna taking what is not given stealing
adukkhamasukha neither-painful-nor-pleasant (feeling) neutral
adosa non-hatred (1) love; (2) free of hate; [free of defect]
addhāna course (of saṃsāra) [idiomatic]
addhuva unstable [4:33, 7:66] not lasting, unstable
adhikaraṇa (1) legal issue [4:243, 5:146, 212]; (2) location [AN 4.171]; (3) basis [AN 9.23] disciplinary issue
adhigama achievement achievement
adhicitta higher mind higher mind
adhiccasamuppanna fortuitously arisen arisen by chance
adhiṭṭhāti (in relation to meditation:) to resolve on; to undertake [AN 3.19] (1) apply [oneself]; (2) concentrate; (3) stabilize
adhiṭṭhāna support (1) dedication; (2) foundation; (3) fixation
adhipaññādhammavipassanā higher wisdom of insight into phenomena the higher wisdom of discernment of principles
adhippayāsa disparity [usually untranslated as part of a sequence]
adhimatta intense
adhimāna self-overestimation overestimation
adhimuccati to resolve upon (1) to decide; (2) to be determined
adhimutti disposition attitude
adhivacana designation term
adhivāsana consent endurance, consent
anagāriya homelessness homelessness
anaññatha not otherwise
anattā non-self non-self
anattha harm, ruin [AN 5.88] harm
anapekha/anapekkha unconcerned (1) unconcerned; (2) not caring; (3) not worrying
anabhāva obliteration obliteration
anabhirati dissatisfaction dissatisfaction
anabhiraddhi exasperation exasperation
anamatagga no known beginning
anaya calamity calamity
analasa diligent tireless
anavajja blameless, blamelessness blameless, blamelessness
anassāsika unreliable unreliable
anāgata future future
anāgāmī non-returner non-returner
anālaya non-attachment non-adherence
anālassa diligence tirelessness
anicca impermanent impermanent
animitta markless signless
anissita unhindered [AN 4.48] independent
anukampā compassion, tender concern compassion
anuttara unsurpassed, unsurpassable supreme
anudayā sympathy sympathy
anunaya compliance [AN 7.8] attraction, guidance
anupavajja irreproachable beyond reproach
anupassanā contemplation observation
anupassī contemplating observing
anupekkhati (w/ manasā) to examine (with the mind) to examine [with the mind]
anubuddha understood, discovered understood
anubyañjana feature detail, accompanying material
anubhāva mighty mighty
anuyutta devoted to dedicated to, committed to
anuyoga (1) pursuit; (2) effort (1) pursuit; (2) commitment
anurakkhaṇa protection preservation, protection
anusaya underlying tendency underlying tendency
anusāsanā, anusāsanī instruction instruction
anuseti to lie within (1) to lie within; (2) to underlie; (3) to linger
anussati recollection recollection
anussava oral tradition oral tradition
aneja unstirred unstirred
aneḷamūga astute clever
anottappa fearlessness of wrongdoing lack of prudence
antaradhāna disappearance disappearance
antarāya obstacle obstacle
anvaya (1) inference; (2) following; (3) evidence
apacaya dismantling (i.e., of the round) dispersal
apadāna attribute [AN 11.14] outcome
apadesa reference, inference (?) reference
apāya (1) plane of misery; (2) loss (1) place of loss; (2) loss
apuñña demerit, demeritorious bad karma
apekha concerned (1) concerned; (2) worry; (3) expect
appaccaya bitterness bitterness
appaṭivānī indefatigability, indefatigably perseverance
appaṇihita undirected, wishless [AN 3.183] undirected
appatiṭṭhita not established
appamatta heedful diligent
appamāṇa measureless limitless
appamāda heedfulness diligence
appameyya immeasurable immeasurable
apiccha of few desires of few wishes, few desires
appicchatā fewness of desires fewness of wishes
appossukka at ease [AN 8.70] (1) at ease; (2) relax; (3) remain passive
abyatta incompetent incompetent
abyākata undeclared undeclared
abyāpāda good will good will
abhijāti class
abhijānāti (1) to directly know; (2) to recall [4:55, 234, 7:53] (1) to directly know; (2) to recall; (3) to have personal experience [of]; (4) to understand
abhijjhā longing desire, covetousness
abhiññā direct knowledge direct knowledge
abhinandati to delight in, to seek delight; to approve (1) to delight in; (2) to seek delight; (3) to approve; (4) to be happy [with]
abhinibbatti [production of] rebirth rebirth, [re]incarnation
abhinivesa attachment insistence
abhinīharati to extend, to get at
abhinīhāra resolution projection
abhibhāyatana basis of transcendence [AN 8.65] dimension of mastery
abhibhū vanquisher master
abhibhūta overcome
abhirata satisfied [AN 5.56] satisfied
abhivadati to articulate to welcome
abhivādeti to bow
abhisaṅkhata well-prepared [AN 4.40] (1) well-prepared; (2) produced [by choices]; (3) raised
abhisaṅkharoti to generate (a volitional formation) to make [a choice], to choose to act,
abhisaṅkhāra (1) volitional activity (?); (2) also?: determination [AN 8.12] (1) impetus; (2) will; (3) choice
abhisañcetayita produced by choices
abhisanda stream overflowing
abhisandeti drench
abhisamaya breakthrough comprehension
abhisamācārika [pertaining to] proper conduct [4:245, 6:67] dealing with supplementary regulations
abhisameti to break through to, to make a breakthrough to comprehend
abhisamparāyaṃ in a future life in a future life
abhisambujjhati to awaken to to understand
abhisambuddha fully awakened fully awakened
abhisallekhika leading to the elimination [of defilements] about self-effacement
amata deathless deathless
amanasikāra non-attention [5:190, 6:60] non-attention
amanāpa disagreeable disagreeable
amanussa spirit non-human
amarāvikkhepa equivocation
amoha non-delusion non-delusion, understanding
ayoniso careless, carelessly improper
araññavanapatthāni pantāni senāsanāni remote lodgings in forests and jungle groves remote lodgings in the wilderness and the forest
arati discontent discontent
arahant untranslated: a “worthy one”, one fully liberated from all destruction perfected one
ariya noble, noble one noble, noble one
ariyasacca noble truth noble truth
ariyasāvaka noble disciple noble disciple
arūpa formless (meditation or realm of existence) formless [meditation or realm of existence]
alābhā … dulladdhaṃ misfortune … loss loss … misfortune
alobha non-greed non-greed, contentment
allīna settled on [AN 10.93] clinging to
avacara sphere scope, sphere
avakkanti conception
avassuta corrupt corrupt
avijjā ignorance ignorance
avitatha not unreal
aviparītadassana as noun: a correct perspective; as a bahubīhi adjective: one who has a correct perspective undistorted perspective
avihiṃsā harmlessness harmlessness
aveccapasāda unwavering confidence experiential confidence
asaṃsagga non-gregariousness aloofness
asaṃhira immovable unfaltering
asaṅkhata unconditioned unconditioned
asaddhamma the bad Dhamma things that oppose the true teaching, bad qualities
asantuṭṭhi non-contentment lack of contentment
asappurisa bad person bad person
asamaya irreversible, times that are not good
asāmāyika irreversible
asiloka disrepute disrepute
asubha unattractive, unattractiveness ugly, ugliness
asura untranslated: a class of titanic beings in perpetual conflict with the devas demon
asekha one beyond training adept
asmimāna the conceit “I am” the conceit “I am”
assāda gratification gratification
assāsa-passāsa in-breathing and out-breathing [AN 9.31], in-and-out breathing [AN 10.72] breath in and breath out
assutavā uninstructed uneducated
ahaṅkāra I-making ego
ahirika shameless, shamelessness lack of conscience
ahetukavāda doctrine of non-causality doctrine of no-cause
ākappa appearance [8:17,18] presentation
ākāra way [8:17,18] (1) respect; (2) facet; (3) quality; (4) reason; (5) feature
ākāsa space space
ākāsānañcāyatana base of the infinity of space dimension of infinite space
ākiñcañña nothingness nothingness
ākiñcaññāyatana base of nothingness dimension of nothingness
āghāta resentment resentment
ācaya (vs. apacaya) building up (vs. dismantling) accumulation
ājānīya thoroughbred thoroughbred
ājīva livelihood livelihood
ātāpī ardent keen
ātitheyya gift offering [or serving] to guest
ādiccabandhu “Kinsman of the Sun” (epithet of the Buddha) Kinsman of the Sun
ādīnava danger (1) drawback; (2) danger
ādhipateyya authority [4:15, 4:137, 4:245, 5:31, 5:133] (1) authority; (2) in charge; (3) sovereignty. [na - = “not submit”]
ānāpāna breathing breathing
ānāpānasati mindfulness of breathing mindfulness of breathing
ānisaṃsa benefit, advantage benefit
āneñja imperturbable imperturbable
āpatti offense offense
āpo water water
ābādha affliction, afflicted, ill (1) affliction; (2) afflicted; (3) illness
ābhassara streaming radiance streaming radiance
ābhā light
ābhicetasika pertaining to the higher mind belonging to the higher mind
āmisa worldly material
āya gain ?
āyatana base, sense base dimension, sense field
āyatiṃ future future
āyu life, life span, vitality (1) life; (2) life span; (3) vitality
ārakkha guarding, safeguarding protection
āraddhaviriya energetic, with energy aroused energetic, with energy aroused
ārambha instigation (element), arousing of energy (1) initiative; (2) arousing; (3) undertaking
ārammaṇa basis basis, relying on
āruppa formless, formless attainment formless, formless attainment
ārogya health health
ālaya attachment adherence
ālassa indolence ?
āloka light light
āvaraṇa obstruction obstruction, obstacle
āsaṃsa expectation hope
āsava taint defilement
āsevati to repeatedly pursue to cultivate
āsevita repeatedly pursued cultivated
āhāra nutriment food, fuel
icchā wish, desire wish, desire
iñjita perturbable
itthatta (1) this state of being; (2) femininity [AN 7.51] (1) this state of existence; (2) femininity
itthindriya [faculty of] femininity
idappaccayatā specific conditionality
iddhābhisaṅkhāra feat of psychic potency used his psychic powers to will
iddhi psychic potency psychic power
iddhipāda basis for psychic potency basis for psychic power
inda ruler lord
indriya faculty faculty
iriyāpatha posture, deportment
issariya mastery? [AN 8.46] authority
issā envy jealousy
uccheda annihilation annihilation
uṭṭhāna (1) initiative; (2) standing up [AN 8.15] (1) initiative; (2) standing up
uttarāsaṅga upper robe robe, upper robe
uttari excellent higher, better
uttarimanussadhammā alamariyañāṇadassanavisesa superhuman distinction in knowledge and vision worthy of the nobles ones superhuman distinction in knowledge and vision worthy of the nobles ones
uttāsa terror, fright
udaya arising rise, arising
udayabbaya rise and fall rise and fall, arising and passing
udāna inspired utterance inspired exclamation
uddesa concise statement (1) detail; (2) recitation; (3) passage for recitation
uddhacca restlessness restlessness
uddhata restless [see 10:75 for connection with uddhacca ] restless
upakkama force effort
upakkilesa defilement corruption
upaṭṭhānasālā attendance hall assembly hall
upaṭṭhitasati, upaṭṭhitassati with mindfulness established with mindfulness established
upaddava trouble peril
upadhi acquisition (as act or as object); asset [AN 11.7] attachment
upanāha hostility hostility
upanisā proximate cause vital condition
upaparikkhitā one who investigates one who examines
upapatti rebirth rebirth
upaya attraction
upavadati (1) to blame, to reproach; to revile to blame, to speak ill
upavicāra examination to be preoccupied
upasagga misfortune hazard
upasama peace peace
upasampadā (1) acquisition; (2) full ordination (1) embracing; (2) ordination
upādāna clinging grasping
upādānakkhandha aggregate subject to clinging grasping aggregate
upādāya (1) derived from, depending on [AN 4.62]; (2) clinging to (1) out of; (2) supported by; (3) derive from; (4) depend
upādinna (1) organic; (2) derived from; (3) grasped
upādisesa residue remaining something left over
upāya means (1) means (2) way
upāyāsa (1) anguish; (2) irritation (1) distress; (2) bad temper
upāsaka male lay follower layman
upāsikā female lay follower laywoman
upekkhā equanimity equanimity
uppāda arising arising
uppādeti (1) to give rise; (2) to produce
ubbilla, uppila excitement
ubhatobhāgavimutta liberated in both respects [7:14, 7:56] freed both ways
ubhatosaṅgha dual Saṅgha community of both monks and nuns
usmā warmth
ussāha zeal zeal
ussoḷhi verve vigor
ekaggatā one-pointedness unification
ekatta oneness [AN 6.42] (1) oneness; (2) unified
ekāyana (1) convergence; (2) one direction only
ekodibhāva unification (of mind) unified [of mind]
eḷamūga obtuse stupid
esanā quest
ehipassika inviting to come and see inviting inspection
okāra degradation [AN 8.12] sordidness
okkanti conception
ogadha foothold in (suffix) [3:61, 4:25 & 6:19] culmination, basis
ogha flood flood
ottappa fear of wrongdoing prudence
opanayika applicable relevant
opapātika spontaneously reborn spontaneously reborn
obhāsa (1) light; (2) radiance; (3) shining
oḷārika gross, obvious [AN 8.70] (1) coarse; (2) solid; (3) substantial; (4) obvious; (5) sizable
ovadati to exhort to advise
ovāda exhortation advice
orambhāgiya lower lower
ossajja surrender, let loose
kaṅkhā perplexity uncertainty
kataññutā gratitude gratitude
kataveditā thankfulness thankfulness
kathaṅkathā bewilderment indecision
kathā talk talk
kadariya mean [AN 7.57] miserly
kappa eon eon
kabaliṅkāra, kabaḷīkāra edible food edible food
kamanīya sensuous sensuous
kamma (1) untranslated: morally determinate action; (2) action, deed deed, act
kammañña wieldy workable
kammaniya, kammanīya wieldy workable
kammanta action action
karuṇā compassion compassion
kalaha quarrel quarrel
kalyāṇa good good, fine
kalla (1) pliant, (2) fitting (1 ready; (2 fitting; (3) appropriate
kasiṇa untranslated: meditation device universal
kāma (1) sensual pleasure, sensuality; (2) desire; (3) sense-sphere (existence) (1) sensual pleasure, sensuality; (2) desire; (3) sense-sphere [existence]
kāmaguṇa cord of sensual pleasure kind of sensual stimulation
kāmacchanda sensual desire sensual desire
kāmasukhallika sensual pleasure
kāmesu micchācārā sexual misconduct sexual misconduct
kāya (1) body, bodily; (2) class (of items), (3) company (of beings (1) body, bodily; (2) host [of gods]; (3) personally [experiencing]
kāyasakkhin body-witness personal witness
kāruñña compassion [5:162; IiI 189] compassion
kāla (1) dark, black; (2) timely (1) dark, black; (2) timely
kiriyavāda doctrine of activity doctrine of [the efficacy of] action
kilesa defilement [4:5, v.13] corruption
kukkucca remorse, regret [AN 10.34] remorse
kulaputta clansman respectable person, person from a good family
kusala wholesome, skilled skillful
kusīta lazy lazy
kuhaka deceiver deceiver
kuhana duplicity deceit
kevalī consummate one consummate one
kodha anger anger
kodhana prone to anger irritable
kopa disturbance, anger [AN 4.197] (1) annoyance; (2) upset; (3) anger
ko pana vādo how much more then…! (1) how much more then…!; (2) let alone; (3) not to mention
kovida adroit expert
kosajja laziness laziness
khattiya untranslated: a member of the warrior administrative class aristocrat
khanti (1) patience; (2) acquiescence, acceptance (of a view) (1) patience; (2) acceptance [of a view]
khandha aggregate, mass (1) aggregate; (2) mass; (3) spectrum
khaya destruction ending
khaluṅka wild colt wild colt
khila barren barren
khema security security, sanctuary
gaṇa group group
gati destination destination, place
gantha tie
gandha odor, scent (1) smell; (2) fragrance; (3) odor, stench
gandhabba untranslated: a type of deity dwelling in trees and plants fairy
garahati (1) to censure (formal); (2) to criticize (less formal) to criticize
garuka heavy serious
garudhamma (1) principle of respect; (2) weighty offense (1) principle of respect; (2) [sexual harssment]
gārayha blameworthy reprehensible
gilānapaccaya-bhesajja-parikkhāra medicinal requisites and [other] supports for the sick medicines and supplies for the sick
gocara resort [4:37 & 6:24, 7:40, 7:41] (1) pasture; (2) range; (3) meditation subject; (4) suitable place for alms
ghāna nose nose
cakka wheel wheel
cakkavattī wheel-turning monarch wheel-turning monarch
cakkhu eye, vision eye, vision
caṇḍāla untranslated: an outcast outcast
caraṇa conduct, esp. good conduct conduct, esp. good conduct
cavana falling away passing away
cavanadhamma perishable
cavati to pass away
cāga (1) giving up, renunciation; (2) generosity (1) giving away; (2) generosity
citta mind mind
cittuppāda arising of thought [AN 5.100], stirring of mind [AN 7.53] arising of thought
cintā (1) thought; (2) intention; (3) speculation
cīvara robe robe
cuti passing away passing away
cetanā volition intention
cetasika mental mental
cetiya shrine shrine
ceteti to intend to intend
ceto mind, heart mind, heart
cetokhila mental barrenness emotional barrenness
cetovimutti liberation of mind heart’s release, freedom of heart
codeti (1) to reprove; (2) to incite [AN 8.13] (1) to reprimand; (2) to accuse
chanda desire (1) desire; (2) enthusiasm
chambhitatta fright
jambudīpa untranslated: “Rose-Apple Land”, the Indian subcontinent India
jaḷa stupid dull
jarā old age old age
jāgariya wakefulness wakefulness
jāti birth rebirth
jigucchā disgust disgust
jivhā tongue tongue
jīva soul soul
jīvita life (1) life; (2) lifestyle
jegucchī one who practices disgust (1) [one] disgusted [at sin]
jhāna untranslated: a state of deep meditative concentration (1) absorption; (2) meditation
jhāyī jhāna-attainer [one who] practices absorption
ñāṇa knowledge knowledge
ñātisālohitā relatives and family members relatives and kin
ñāya true way method
ṭhāna (1) place; (2) case, occasion, instance [AN 8.46]; (3) possibility (1) place; (2) case, occasion, instance (3) possibility
ṭhitatta inwardly firm steadfast
ṭhiti maintenance, stability, continuation, stabilization (1) maintenance; (2) stability; (3) continuation; (4) stabilization
takka logic
taṇhā craving craving
tatha real
tathatā reality
tathāgata untranslated: epithet of the Buddha “Thus Come/Gone One” Realized One
tadaṅgena through that factor [AN 9.33] in that respect
tapa austerity (1) mortification; (2) austerity
tapassī practitioner of austerities mortifier
tapojigucchā mortification in disgust of sin
tamonuda dispelling darkness dispelling darkness
tasiṇā thirst
titthakāra founder of a spiritual sect religious founder
tibba keen (1) sharp; (2) acute; (3) intense
tiracchānakathā pointless talk unworthy talk
tiracchānayoni animal realm animal realm
tuccha empty, baseless (1) hollow; (2) empty; (3) vacant
tuṇhībhāva silence silence
tulanā to weigh [up]
tejo heat, splendor fire, heat
thambha obstinacy obstinacy
thāma fortitude, strength strength
thīna dullness dullness
thera elder (bhikkhu) senior
dakkha skillful deft
dakkhiṇa religious donation
dama taming, self-control taming, self-control
dara - stress
daratha affliction [AN 5.194] stress
dassana vision vision
dāna (1) act of giving; (2) gift (1) act of giving; (2) gift
diṭṭha seen seen
diṭṭhadhammika pertaining to the present life [apparent in] the present life
diṭṭhi view view
diṭṭhiṭṭhāna standpoint for views grounds for views
diṭṭhippatta one attained to view one attained to view
diṭṭhe’va dhamme in this very life in this very life
dibba celestial, divine (1) heavenly; (2) celestial; (3) divine, of the gods
dibbacakkhu divine eye clairvoyance
dibbasota divine ear clairaudience
divāvihārāya to dwell for the day the day’s meditation
dukkha (1) suffering; (2) pain, painful (feeling) (1) suffering; (2) pain, painful [feeling]
duggata unfortunate (1) [in a] sorry state
duggati bad destination bad place
duccarita misconduct misconduct
duṭṭhulla coarse (1) with corrupt intention; (2) discomfort
dummana saddened downhearted, sad
deva untranslated: deity, celestial being god
devatā deity deity
devaputta young deva god
devadūta divine messenger messenger of the gods
desanā teaching (of the Dhamma) teaching [of the Dhamma]
domanassa dejection (1) sadness; (2) aversion
dosa hate, hatred hate
dvaya (1) dual; (2) two; (3) both
dhamma (1) untranslated: the Buddha’s teaching; (2) things, phenomena; (3) mental phenomena, (mental) states, mind-objects; (4) qualities; (5) principle, law; (6) having the nature of, subject to (as suffix) (1) teaching (2) thing; (3) phenomena; (4) thoughts; (5) qualities; (6) principle, law; (7) liable to [as suffix]
dhammapada factor of the Dhamma [4:29-4:30] basic principle
dhammavicaya discrimination of phenomena investigation of principles
dhammānussarī, dhammānusārī follower of the teachings
dhammika righteous, legitimate [AN 8.89] (1) principled; (2) legitimate
dhātu element element
dhāreti (1) to retain in mind (in relation to learning of the Dhamma); (2) to consider (as a lay follower) (1) to remember; (2) to bear; (3) to wear
dhīra steadfast wise one
dhuva everlasting (1) constant; (2) everlasting
nati inclination
natthikavāda nihilism nihilism
nandī delight (1) relishing; (2) delight
namati to bow to incline
nāga untranslated: (1) a dragon; (2) a bull-elephant; (3) metaphoric term for an arahant (1) dragon; (2) elephant; (3) [spiritual] giant
nānatta diversity diversity
nānākaraṇa difference [AN 8.6] difference [AN 8.6]
nāma name (both literally and as a collective term for the basic cognitive functions) name [both literally and as a collective term for the basic cognitive functions]
nāmarūpa name-and-form name-and-form
nikāya order (of beings) order [of beings]
nikkama endeavor endeavor
nicca permanent permanent
nicchata hungerless hungerless
nijjarā wearing away wearing away
nijjhāna pondering pondering
niṭṭhā (1) goal; (2) conclusion (1) goal; (2) conclusion
nidāna cause, base [AN 5.157], causation (1) cause; (2) base; (3) causation
nindā blame blame
ninna slanting towards (suffix) slanting towards [suffix]
nipaka alert alert
nibbāna untranslated: the extinction of all defilements and emancipation from the round of rebirths extinguishment
nibbidā disenchantment disillusionment
nibbuta quenched extinguished
nibbedha penetration penetration
nibbedhika penetrative penetrative, penetrating
nimitta (1) mark [AN 7.38]; (2) object [AN 7.49]; (3) ground; (4) signal [AN 8.70] (1) sign; (2) foundation; (3) feature; (4) stimulus; (5) reason; (6) hint; (7) reflection; (8) pattern; (9) precursor
nimmāna creation creation
niyata fixed in destiny bound
niyati destiny
niyāma fixed course (1) invariance; (2) certainty
niraya hell hell
nirāmisa spiritual, non-carnal spiritual
nirutti language term, terminology
nirodha cessation cessation
nivāta humble (1) unruffled; (2) draft-free, sheltered from the wind; (3) humble
nissaraṇa escape escape
nissaya (1) dependence [5:79, 9:2]; (2) guidance [AN 8.90] (1) reliance; (2) support; (3) dependence
nissita based upon, connected with, dependent on (suffix) (1) relying on; (2) based on
nīyati (niyyāti) to be emancipated (1) to be led on; (2) to be saved
nīvaraṇa hindrance hindrance
nekkhamma renunciation renunciation
nepakka alertness [5:14, 7:67] alertness
n’evasaññānāsaññāyatana base of neither-perception-nor-non-perception dimension of neither perception nor non-perception
paṃsukūla rag-robe rag-robe
pakappeti to plan
paggaha (paggāha) exertion [AN 3.102] exertion
pagabbha impudent impudent
paccattaṃ personally (1) for oneself; (2) personally
paccaya condition condition
paccānubhoti (1) to wield; (2) to experience
paccavekkhana reviewing, reflection (1) reviewing; (2) checking; (3) examining
paccuppanna present (time) present [time]
paccekabuddha untranslated: a “privately enlightened one” who wakens to the 4 noble truths but doesn’t communicate them to others a Buddha awakened for themselves
pajahati to abandon to give up
pajā population (1) population; (2) offspring
pajānāti to understand, to know to understand, to know
pañjalika making reverential salutation raising joined palms
paññatti description (1) description; (2) regarded; (3) advocate
paññā wisdom wisdom
paññāpana (1) to be found; (2) advocating
paññāpeti (1) to describe; (2) to decree [a training rule]; (3) proclaim; (4) prescribe (1) to advocate; (2) to assert; (3) to describe; (4) to point out
paññāvimutta liberated by wisdom freed by wisdom
paññāvimutti liberation by wisdom freedom by wisdom
paññāveyyattiya competence in wisdom lucidity of wisdom
paṭikūla repulsive repulsive
paṭikkūla recoil
paṭiganhāti, paṭigganhāti to pardon [AN 3.91] (1) to receive; (2) to accept
paṭigha (1) (sensory) impingement; (2) aversion (1) impingement; (2) harshness
paṭicodeti to reprove, to counter to reprove, to counter
paṭicca-samuppana dependently originated dependently originated
paṭicca-samuppāda dependent origination dependent origination
paṭijānāti to claim [8:28, 9:38] (1) to answer; (2) to claim; (3) to admit
paṭinissagga relinquishment letting go
paṭipatti practice practice
paṭipadā way of practice, mode of practice practice
paṭipanna practicing practicing
paṭibala able able
paṭibhāga counterpart (1) side; (2) counterpart
paṭibhāti recur to spring [to mind]
paṭibhāna eloquence (1) eloquence; (2) articulation
paṭivedha penetration penetration
paṭisaṃvedeti to experience (1) to experience; (2) to understand
paṭisaṅkhāna reflection reflection
paṭisanthāra liberality hospitality
paṭisambhidā analytical knowledge textual analysis
paṭisaraṇa recourse [AN 8.6] refuge
paṭisallāna seclusion retreat
paṭhavī earth earth
paṇidhi aspiration, inclination [AN 10.104] wish
paṇīta sublime, superior (1) fine; (2) superior; (3) sublime; (4) better; (5) delicious
paṇḍita wise, wise person astute person
patiṭṭhā establishment (1) establishment; (2) plant; (3) ground
patiṭṭhita established established
patti attainment attainment
patthanā aspiration [AN 5.43], yearning [5:135/6; 10:104] (1) aim; (2) aspire
pada (1) term, sentence, passage, stanza, word [4.160]; (2) step, footprint, track; (3) state, factor (1) term, sentence, passage, stanza, word; (2) step, footprint, track; (3) state, factor
padhāna striving striving, effort
papañca proliferation (as act) proliferation
papañcita proliferation (as product) proliferation
pabbajita one [who has] gone forth [into homelessness] (1) one gone forth; (2) renunciate
pabbajjā going forth (into homelessness), Buddhist novice ordination going forth
pabhaṇgu brittle brittle
pabhava inception
pabhassara radiant
pabbhāra inclining (suffix) inclining [suffix]
pabhāsa luminosity radiance
pamatta heedless negligent
pamāda heedlessness negligence
payirupāsati to wait upon, to attend upon [AN 8.21] (1) to attend; (2) to pay homage
parakkama exertion vigor
parābhava setback downfall
parāmāsa wrong grasp (1) sticking to; (2) misapprehending
parāyana destination (1) haven; (2) bound
parikkhāra requisite, accessory (1) supplies; (2) necessities
pariggaha possessiveness [AN 9.23] possessiveness
paricita accustomed to (1) to reinforce; (2) to build up
pariccāga relinquishment charity
parijānāti to fully understand to completely understand
pariññā full understanding complete understanding
pariṇāmī maturing in (suffix) ripen in
paritassati to be agitated to be anxious
paritassanā anxiety
parideva lamentation lamentation
parinibbāna (1) final Nibbāna; (2) extinguishing extinguishment
parinibbāyati to attain (final) Nibbāna to become extinguished
parinibbuta attained (final) Nibbāna, quenched extinguished
paribbājaka (non-Buddhist) wanderer wanderer
paribhāsaka insulting [AN 7.57] insulting
paribhāsati to insult to insult
pariyādāna exhaustion exhaustion
pariyādāya obsessing to occupy
pariyāya exposition [AN 8.8] , method (of exposition), way [AN 8.11] (1) exposition; (2) way
pariyuṭṭhāna obsession obsession
pariyesanā quest (1) seeking; (2) search
pariyosāna goal (1) goal; (2) end
pariḷāha fever, passion fever, passion
parivāra retinue (1) a following; (2) surrounded
parivitakka course of thought [AN 6.34] (1) contemplation; (2) thought
parisā assembly, retinue [AN 8.24] (1) assembly; (2) congregation
parihāna decline (1) loss; (2) decline
paḷāsa insolence contempt
paligedha avarice
paloka falling apart
palokita disintegrating falling apart
paviveka solitude seclusion
pasaṃsā praise praise
pasāda (1) confidence; (2) placidity [AN 5.162] (1) confidence; (2) clarity; (3) inspiration
passaddhi tranquillity, tranquillization tranquillity
pahāna abandoning, abandonment giving up
pahitatta resolute resolute
pācittiya untranslated: need an explanation of what exactly this means in terms of an offense confessable
pāṇa living being living creature
pāṇātipāta destruction of life killing living creatures
pāṭidesanīya untranslated: need an explanation of what exactly this means in terms of an offense acknowledgeable
pātimokkha untranslated: code of monastic rules monastic code
pātubhāva manifestation appearance
pāpa evil (1) bad; (2) wicked
pāpicchā evil desire wicked desire
pāmojja joy joy
pāra the far shore, beyond the far shore, beyond
pāramī perfection perfection
Pārājika untranslated: the most serious class of offence for a bhikkhu, entailing immediate and permanent expulsion from the Saṅgha. expulsion
pāripūri fulfillment (1) fully; (2) swelling; (3) fulfillment
pārisuddhi purification, purity [AN 4.194] purity
pāsādaniya meriting confidence [AN 5.234] inspiring
pāsādika graceful [8:9, 10:98], lovely [AN 9.3] (1) impressive; (2) lovely
piṇḍapāta almsfood almsfood
pipāsa thirst thirst
piya pleasing (1) pleasing; (2) dear
pisuṇā vācā divisive speech divisive speech
pīti rapture rapture
puggala individual, person person
puñña merit, meritorious merit, meritorious
puthujjana worldling ordinary person
punabbhava renewed existence (1) new state of existence; (2) future life
pubbaṅgama forerunner, leader (1) precede; (2) leader; (3) forerunner
pubbanimitta precursor precursor
pubbenivāsa past abode (i.e., previous life) past life
purisa person, man (1) person; (2) man
purisapuggala individual
purisatta masculinity [AN 7.51] masculinity
peta (1) afflicted spirit; (2) corpse [AN 4.246] (1) ghost; (2) departed
pettivisaya sphere of afflicted spirits ghost realm
pema affection, devotion?, fondness [7:20, 7:42] (1) love; (2) fondness
peyyavajja endearing speech kindly words
pesala pious [AN 8.38], well behaved good-hearted
ponobhavika conducive to renewed existence leading to future lives
poṇa sloping towards (suffix) sloping towards [suffix]
pharusā vācā harsh speech harsh speech
phala fruit fruit
phassa contact contact
phāsuvihāra dwelling at ease living comfortably
phoṭṭhabba tactile object touch
bandha bond
bandhana imprisonment (1) imprisonment; (2) bond; (3) abduction
bala power power
bahiddhā external, externally external, externally
bahujana many people the people
bahulīkata cultivated cultivated
bahulīkaroti to cultivate to cultivate
bahussuta learned (1) learned; (2) educated
bāla fool, foolish fool, foolish
bāhira (1) external (sense bases); (2) outsider (1) exterior; (2) outsider
buddha (1) untranslated: honorific for Gotama; (2) enlightened, Enlightened One awakened one
bojjhaṅga factor of enlightenment awakening factor
bodha awakened
bodhipakkhiya aid to enlightenment qualities that lead to awakening
bodhisatta untranslated: an aspirant for Buddhahood one intent on awakenin
byañjana phrase, phrasing (1) phrase, phrasing; (2) detail
byantikaroti to terminate to eliminate
byasana disaster disaster
byāpajjati to become hostile [AN 4.197] to become hostile
byāpajjha affliction [AN 8.39] affliction
byāpatti failure [AN 10.217] failure
byāpanna (1) with ill will; (2) failed [AN 3.110] (1) with ill will; (2) failed
byāpāda ill will (1) ill will; (2) malice
byābādha affliction (1) hurting; (2) obstruct
brahmacariya (1) spiritual life; (2) celibacy (1) spiritual path; (2) spiritual life; (3) celibacy
brahmavihāra dwelling of Brahmā Brahmā meditation
brahmā untranslated: a sublime deity of the brahmā world Brahmā
brāhmaṇa brahmin (caste) brahmin
bhagavā the Blessed One (1) the Buddha; (2) the Blessed One
bhaṇḍana argument argument
bhaya fear, peril (1) fear; (2) danger; (3) peril
bhayabherava fear and terror fear and dread
bhava existence (1) [continued] existence, [state of] existence; (2) life
bhāvanā development, meditative development [AN 8.36]; esteem [AN 10.87] (1) development; (2) esteem
bhāvita developed developed
bhāveti to develop to develop
bhikkhu untranslated: fully ordained Buddhist monk (1) mendicant; (2) monk
bhikkhunī untranslated: fully ordained Buddhist nun nun
bhiyyobhāva increase increase
bhusā violent [AN 6.55] (1) violent; (2) compelling; (3) threshing
bhūta a being a being
bhūtapubbaṃ once in the past (1) once upon a time; (2) once it so happened
bhūmi land, ground land, ground
makkha denigration offensiveness
magga path path
macala unshaken confirmed
macchariya, macchera miserliness stinginess
majjhima middle, middling middle
maññati to think (1) to think; (2) to identify with
maññita identification
mada intoxication intoxication
maddava gentleness gentleness
manasikāra attention attention
manāpa agreeable, beloved [AN 7.53] (1) agreeable; (2) beloved
manussa human being human being
mano mind, mental mind, mental
manobhāvanīya esteemed esteemed
manomaya mind-made mind-made
mamaṅkāra mine-making possessiveness
maraṇa death death
marīcikā mirage
mala stain stain
mahaggata exalted expansive
mahesakkha (1) with great influence [4:197, 5:199]; (2) majestic [AN 4.33] (1) illustrious; (2) great influence
mahāpurisa great man great man
mahābhūta great element primary element
mahiccha one with strong desires one with many wishes
mahicchatā strong desires many wishes
mahiddhika very powerful mighty
mātikā schemata outline
mātugāma womankind, a woman female
māna conceit conceit
māyā deceitfulness deceit
māyāvī deceitful (1) deceitful; (2) a magician
mārisa respected sir good sir
micchatta wrong course wrong way
micchā wrong wrong
micchācāra misconduct misconduct
middha (1) drowsiness, sleep [AN 5.206]; (2) slothful [AN 8.86] drowsiness
mucchā infatuation infatuation
muṭṭhasacca, muṭṭhassacca muddle-mindedness lack of mindfulness
muṭṭhassati muddle-minded unmindful
muta thought [past tense]
mutti release
muditā altruistic joy rejoicing
mudu malleable (1) pliable; (2) soft
mudutā gentleness pliability
muni sage sage
musāvāda false speech (1) false speech; (2) lie
mūla root root
mettā loving-kindness love
methuna sexual intercourse sex, sexual intercourse
mogha hollow (1) vain; (2) silly
moghapurisa hollow man silly man
moneyya sagacity sagacity
moha delusion delusion
yakkha untranslated: a spirit (usually malevolent) spirit
yathābhūtaṃ as it really is truly
yasa fame, glory (1) fame; (2) glory
yoga (1) effort; (2) bond, bondage (1) effort; (2) meditation; (3) attachment
yogakkhema security from bondage sanctuary
yogo karaṇīyo (1) should practice meditation; (2) should make an effort
yojana untranslated: a measure of distance (approx. 10K) league
yoni (mode of) generation reproduction
yoniso careful, carefully proper
rajanīya tantalizing (1) desirable; (2) arousing
raṇa conflict
ratana gem, precious substance treasure
rati delight delight
ramaṇīya delightful (1) lovely; (2) delightful
rasa taste taste
rāga lust; also: attachment (1) greed; (2) lust; (3) desire
rittaka void
rukkhamūla foot of a tree root of a tree
ruci (1) belief; (2) preference
ruccati (1) to like; (2) to prefer; (3) advocate [in mā rucci]
rūpa (1) form (i.e., materiality); (2) form (i.e., visible object); (3) form-sphere (existence) (1) form [i.e., materiality]; (2) sight; (3) luminous form; (4) seeming [as suffix]
lapana flattery flattery
lahuka light (1) light; (2) fleeting
lābha gain (1) gain; (2) material possessions
līnatta sluggishness (changed: 17Jan2008) sluggishness
luddha greedy greedy
lūkha coarse coarse
loka world (1) world; (2) cosmos
lokuttara world-transcending transcendent
lobha greed greed
lomahaṃsa terror (1) hair-raising; (2) goose-bumps
vacī verbal verbal
vaṭṭa cycle
vaṇṇa (1) beauty; (2) praise (1) beauty; (2) praise
vata observance observance
vatthu basis, ground [AN 8.33] basis, ground
vanapattha jungle grove forest
vaya vanishing fall
vasa mastery (1) mastery; (2) sway
vācā speech speech
vāda doctrine doctrine
vāyāma effort effort
vāyo air air
vikkhitta (1) scattered [4:246, 6:29]; (2) distracted (of mind) [AN 7.38] (1) scattered; (2) distracted
vikkhepa distraction [AN 10.76] distraction
viggaha contention (1) argument; (2) seized
vighāta distress, frustration, affliction (1) anguish; (2) frustration; (3) affliction
vicakkhaṇa discerning, intelligent clear seeing
vicaya discrimination investigation
vicāra examination (1) considering; (2) keeping the mind connected
vicikicchā doubt doubt
vijānāti to understand to understand
vijjā true knowledge knowledge
viññāṇa consciousness consciousness
viññāṇañcāyatana base of the infinity of consciousness dimension of infinite consciousness
viññāta known
viññū wise (one), the wise sensible
vitakka thought (1) thought, thinking; (2) placing the mind
vitthata in detail (1) in detail; (2) wide
vidhā discrimination discrimination
vinaya (1) discipline; (2) subduing (of lust, etc.) (1) training; (2) removal [of lust, etc.]; (3) texts on monastic training
vinicchaya judgment assessment
vinipāta lower world underworld
vinibandha bondage [5:206, 9:72] shackle
vinīta disciplined educated
vinodeti to dispel to get rid of
vipatti failure failure
vipariṇāma change (1) perishing; (2) deterioration
vipariṇāmadhamma perishable
viparītadassana as noun: an incorrect perspective; as a bāhubīhi adjective: one who has an incorrect perspective distorted perspective
vipallāsa inversion perversion
vipassanā insight discernment
vipāka result (of kamma) result [of kamma]
vippaṭisāra regret regret
vibhava extermination (1) ending existence; (2) obliteration
vimati uncertainty uncertainty
vimutta liberated freed
vimutti liberation freedom
vimokkha emancipation liberation
viyatta competent competent
virāga (1) dispassion; (2) fading away (1) dispassion; (2) fading away
virata abstain
viriya energy energy
virūḷhi improvement (1) increase; (2) improvement
vivaṭṭa world-expansion (1) evolution; (2) expanding
vivara openness (1) opening; (2) reveal
vivāda dispute (1) dispute; (2) fight
viveka seclusion seclusion
visama unrighteous (1) immoral; (2) rugged; (3) unjust
visaya domain (1) realm; (2) scope
visārada self-confident (1) assured; (2) confident
visuddhi purification purification
visesa (1) distinction; (2) excellence distinction
vihāra dwelling (1) dwelling; (2) meditation
vihiṃsā harmfulness, harming cruelty
vihesā cruelty (1) harming; (2) troublesome
vītarāga one without lust for sensual pleasures without greed
vīmaṃsā investigation (1) inquiry; (2) testing
vuṭṭhāna emergence (1) emergence; (2) rehabilitation
vuddhi growth growth
vūpakaṭṭha withdrawn withdrawn
vūpasama (1) subsiding; (2) pacification (1) stilling; (2) peace
veda (1) untranslated: ancient Indian scripture; (2) ? Veda
vedagū master of Vedic knowledge knowledge master
vedanā feeling feeling
vedayita feeling, what is felt feeling, what is felt
Vedalla questions-and-answers analysis
vepulla (1) expansion; (2) maturity, maturation [AN 8.2] (1) grow; (2) increase
veyyākaraṇa explanation (1) grammar; (2) discourse; (3) discussion; (4) answer
vera enmity enmity
veramaṇī abstinence refrain
vesārajja self-confidence, ground of self-confidence self-assurance
vessa untranslated: a member of the merchant class merchant
vodāna cleansing cleansing
vossagga release, relinquishment [AN 4.61] letting go
vohāra expression (1) expression; (2) dealing; (3) communication
saṃyama self-control self-control
saṃyoga bondage (1) fetter; (2) attachment
saṃyojana fetter fetter
saṃvaṭṭa world-contraction contraction
saṃvara restraint restraint
saṃvibhāga sharing sharing
saṃvega sense of urgency (1) [sense of] urgency; (2) awe; (3) moved to act; (4) inspiration
saṃsagga close association, socializing (1) mixing closely; (2) socializing
saṃsādeti to falter [AN 9.22] to falter
saṃsāra untranslated: the beginningless round of rebirths transmigration
sakadāgāmī once-returner once-returner
sakkacca carefully carefully
sakkāya identity, personal identity identity
sakkāyadiṭṭhi identity view identity view
sakkāra honor honor
sagārava reverential, with reverence respectful
sagga heaven heaven
saṅkappa intention (1) thought; (2) intention
saṅkilesa defilement corruption
saṅkhata conditioned conditioned
saṅkhaya extinction ending
saṅkhā - reckoning
saṅkhāra (1) volitional activity; (2) formation; (3) strenuous exertion [7:16, 7:55]; (4) conditioned phenomenon (1) choice; (2) condition; (3) active [effort]
saṅkhitta (1) brief (of speech); (2) constricted (of mind) [AN 7.38] (1) brief [of speech]; (2) constricted [of mind]
saṅgaṇika company (1) company; (2) crowd
saṅgaha attracting a retinue inclusivity
saṅgahavatthu basis of attracting a retinue ways of being inclusive
saṅgha untranslated: (1) as bhikkhusaṅgha, Buddhist monastic order; (2) as sāvakasaṅgha, community of noble disciples Saṅgha
saṅghādisesa untranslated: the second most serious class of offence in the Vinaya. they require a period of rehabilitation involving loss of status, confession of the offence to all bhikkhus, and similar mild penances. suspension
sacca truth truth
sacchikiriya realization realization
sañcetanā volition intention
sañjānāti to perceive to perceive
saññā perception perception
saññatā self-controlled disciplined
saṭha crafty, deceptive [AN 8.10] devious
sati mindfulness mindfulness
satipaṭṭhāna establishment of mindfulness mindfulness meditation
satta a being a sentient being
sattapada position of sentient beings
satthā teacher teacher
sadda sound sound
saddhamma the good Dhamma the true teaching
saddhā faith faith
saddhānusārī faith-follower follower by faith
santa peaceful peaceful
santatakārī constant in one’s actions [AN 10.101] consistent deeds
santatavutti constant in one’s behavior [AN 10.101] consistent behavior
santi peace peace
santuṭṭhi contentment contentment
santosa contentment contentment
sandiṭṭhika directly visible realizable in this very life
sandosa (1) animosity [AN 9.25]; (2) defilement [AN 5.79], fault [AN 6.48], corruption [AN 10.217] (1) defect; (2) corrupt, corruption
sappaṭissa deferential, with deference reverent
sappurisa good person good person
sabba all all
sabbaññū all-knowing
sama (1) just; (2) moral
samagga in harmony, in concord, united harmony
samaṇa ascetic ascetic
samatikkama transcendence going beyond
samatha (1) serenity; (2) stilling (of formations) (1) serenity; (2) stilling [of activities]
samanupassati (1) to consider; (2) to recognize [4:8, 5:55] (1) to see; (2) to regard
samanupassanā considering regarding
samācāra behavior behavior
samādhi concentration immersion
samānattatā impartiality equality
samāpatti (1) meditative attainment; (2) entry upon (1) [meditative] attainment; (2) acquiring
samāhita settled, composed, concentrated (1) immersed; (2) serene; (3) steady; (4) settled
samugghāta comes to be uprooted uproot
samuccheda eradication (1) cutting [off, out]; (2) break
samudaya origin, origination, arising (1) origin; (2) origination; (3) arising
sampajañña clear comprehension situational awareness
sampajāna clearly comprehending aware
sampatti success success
sampadā (1) accomplishment in; (2) excellence [AN 8.34] (1) accomplishment; (2) excellence
sampanna (1) accomplished in; (2) possessed of [5:24 and parallels]; (3) excellent [AN 8.34] (1) accomplished in; (2) to have or possess; (3) excellent
samparāyika pertaining to the future life to do with lives to come
sampasādana placidity clarity and confidence
samphappalāpa idle chatter nonsensical speech
samphassa contact contact
sambādha confinement (1) cramped; (2) confined
sambuddha enlightened awakened
sambojjhaṅga factor of enlightenment, enlightenment factor awakening factor
sambodhi, sambodha enlightenment awakening
sambhava (1) origin; (2) (when collated with samudaya:) coming into being (8:83) (1) origin; (2) coming to be
sammatta rightness right way
sammasa - comprehension
sammā right, correct, perfectly right
sammukhā in the presence of (1) in the presence of; (2) in front
sammosa decline decline
sammoha confusion [??, 9:25] confusion
saraṇa refuge refuge
sarāga passion (1) with greed; (2) lustful
sarīra body body
sarīrika physical
sallekha elimination [of defilements] effacement
saḷāyatana six sense bases six sense fields
sasaṅkhāra extra effort
sassata eternal eternal
sahavyata, sahabyata companionship in company
sāṭheyya craftiness, trick [AN 8.13] (1) deviousness; (2) trick
sāta comfort, comfortable pleasure
sātacca perseverance, persistence persistence
sātatika persistent
sāmaggī concord harmony
sāmañña (1) ascetic life, asceticism; (2) agreement [AN 8.2] (1) ascetic life, asceticism; (2) agreement
sāmisa carnal material
sāra core [4:190, 196, 245; 8:83] (1) core; (2) essential
sārajja timidity timidity
sārāṇīya cordiality politeness
sārambha (1) violent, aggressive; (2) rivalry aggression
sārāga infatuation [3:113, 9:25] lust
sāvaka disciple disciple
sāvajjā blameworthy blameworthy
sāsana teaching instructions
sāsava tainted defiled
sikkhā training training
sikkhāpada training rule [training] rule
sineha, sneha affection (1) affection; (2) moisture; (3) sap
siloka praise popularity
sītibhūta cooled cooled
sīla virtuous behavior, precept (1) ethics; (2) ethical conduct; (3) precept
sīlabbata behavior and observances precepts and observances
sīlavā virtuous, possessed of virtuous behavior (1) ethical; (2) virtuous
sukha (1) happiness; (2) pleasure, pleasant (feeling); (3) bliss (1) happiness; (2) pleasure, pleasant [feeling]; (3) bliss
sukhuma subtle (1) delicate; (2) fine; (3) exquisite
sugata (1) fortunate; (2) the Fortunate One (epithet of the Buddha) (1) holy; (2) Holy One
sugati good destination good place
sucarita good conduct good conduct
suci pure purity
suñña empty empty
suññatā emptiness emptiness
suta (1) heard; (2) learning (1) heard; (2) learning; (3) education
sudda untranslated: a member of the worker class worker
suddhāvāsa pure abode pure abode
suddhi purity purity
supaṇṇa phoenix
suparicita well consolidated [AN 9.25] well consolidated
subha beauty, beautiful beauty, beautiful
subhakiṇha refulgent glory replete with glory
suvaca easy to correct easy to admonish
surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhāna liquors, wines, and intoxicants, the basis for negligence alcoholic drinks that cause negligence
sekha trainee trainee
senāsana lodging lodging
sevitabba should be repeatedly pursued; should be associated with (1) to be cultivated; (2) to be associated with
soka sorrow sorrow
sokhumma subtlety subtlety
soceyya integrity, purity [AN 3.120] purity
sota (1) ear; (2) stream (of the Dhamma) (1) ear; (2) stream [of the Dhamma]
sotāpatti stream-entry stream-entry
sotāpanna stream-enterer stream-enterer
somanassa joy happiness
soracca mildness gentleness
hāna deterioration get worse
hita welfare welfare
hiri sense of shame, moral shame conscience
hīna low, inferior inferior
hetu (1) cause; (2) on account of (as suffix) (1) cause; (2) for the sake of; (3) because of

Can I say:
Volitional activities = choice
Formation = condition
Strenuous exertion = Active effort
Conditioned phenomenon = ?

Thanks. This kind of stuff I find useful.

Way back, first getting into Pali itself was motivated by trying to get past the misch-masch of varying translations of the classic pericope: … pamojja → piti → passadi → sukha … → jhana (or satipatthana or other…). Translations “bliss”, “gladness”, “joy”, “rapture”, “happiness”, etc. get bounced around seemingly haphazardly, which doesn’t inspire much confidence in the “accuracy” of English translation.

1 Like

Feature Request:

Can this glossary be incorporated into the SuttaCentral dictionary? I would love it if e.g. /define/saṅkhāra would also include these glosses :smile: :pray:


Maybe at some point, we haven’t really figured out a use for it yet.


A use for what? The “define/term” url is now my primary Pāli dictionary :smile:

1 Like

I mean a use for the glossary.

Oh! Well I think it’s a worthwhile addition to the dictionary, as, for example, saṅkhāra doesn’t have “choices” listed as a possibility.

1 Like

Yes, maybe we could do that in future.

I always wanted to have a terminology lookup for the translations: when a technical term appears, you can see the Pali word behind it. But so far we haven’t built it!


Is there any chance of this glossary being available in PDF or Word? I can’t always get online!

1 Like

Yes, most browsers allow web pages to be saved as PDFs. :slightly_smiling_face:

I have saved you the effort:

Pali glossary for Bhikkhus Bodhi and Sujato.pdf (161.8 KB)


@Robbie was already kind enough to do it for you, but you can always just copy the desired text from the forum and paste it to your editor of choice :wink: (it should preserve the table fomat).

On a side note: Bhante @sujato, the table itself is inserted in the raw post as html rather than markdown, and this prevents the table content to wrap properly on mobile (third column is not visible).

I can fix it for you in a jiffy if you wish.


Can you? I don’t see how. I don’t think we support markdown tables. And if we do, how would it differ? They get converted to HTML for display anyway, so what is in the browser is no different.

In any case, the problem is not the markup: the problem is that some of the Pali words are very long and prohibit breaks. I’ll try applying the CSS rule word-break:break-all and see if it solves the problem.

Yeah, that doesn’t work, it just leaves stranded orphan letters at the end of lots of table cells. Until the HTML/CSS gods figure out how to hyphenate Pali properly, i’m afraid we’ll just have to put up with it.


Thanks! Very useful!!

1 Like

RegEx to the rescue :smile: I replaced (<tr><td>)|(</td><td>)|(</td></tr>)|(<tr><th>)|(</th><th>)|(</th></tr>) with | and added table header.

Discourse does indeed support markdown tables with the following syntax:

|align left|align center|align right|
align left align center align right
left center right

True, but they are also automatically nested in a <div> tagged with the appropriate css class in the background that wraps the output. Pure Discourse magic :smile:

Here is the converted table, I also spotted and fixed two or three typos (link to raw markdown of this post for easy copy/paste

Edit: merged into OP


Thanks for doing the work, I have added your MD table above. But TBH i can’t see any difference; and there’s nothing in the code that should make a difference, so far as I can see, as md-table just adds overflow-y:auto. But maybe others will see a difference?


is exactly what was needed for the table to render properly (ie as a scrollable view) in the horizontal direction on mobile. Thanks for the fix @musiko!


Do you think you’ll incorporate into the NewConcisePaliEnglishDictionary_G-N data for the pop-up Pali word lookup? It seems weird to duplicate the data in plaintext + HTML fields, rather than to generate the plaintext from markup.

I rediscovered my bookmark to this EXTREMELY useful table this morning.

I know this will be an unpopular suggestion, but I think it would be even more useful to English speaking sutta readers to add a column for how Thanisarro Bhikkhu translates a Pali word or term.

Ninety five percent of the time I use the Sujato translations of the suttas.

I’ll come across a term and not have an answer for myself when I ask “what did he mean by that?”. I then go to Bhikkhu Bodhi translation, and if that doesn’t do it, the Thanisarro Bhikkhu translation.

Are you familiar with this?

Gives a lot more than just Ajahn Thanissaro’s, but doesn’t include Bhante Sujato’s.