Can Anāgāmī take rebirth in Brahma realms other than the Suddhāvāsa plane? For example, can an Anāgāmī take rebirth in fine-material or immaterial Brahma planes?
According to the text, no.
BTW, Suddhavasa is included in the fine-material Brahma planes.
Possible. See AN 9.36.
‘The first jhana is a basis for ending the defilements.’ That’s what I said, but why did I say it? Take a mendicant who, detached from sensual pleasures, detached from unskillful qualities, enters and remains in the first jhana.
If they don’t attain the ending of defilements, with the ending of the five lower fetters they’re arising spontaneously, because of their their attachment and joy for that experience. They are extinguished there, and are not liable to return from that world.
‘The dimension of infinite space is also a basis for ending the defilements.’
If they don’t attain the ending of defilements, with the ending of the five lower fetters they’re arising spontaneously, because of their attachment and joy for that experience. They are extinguished there, and are not liable to return from that world.
I initially thought this sutta was the one which shows non returner can be reborn elsewhere, but your sutta citation is stronger.
No, the sutta is implicitly saying that a medicant who developed one of the meditative attainments from first jhana to third formless sphere/dimension and destroyed five lower fetters will become an Anagami who will reborn spontaneously in Suddhavasa plane and attain final Nibbana there. There’s no interpretation in Buddhist textual exegesis saying that an Anagami will be reborn in other plane besides the Suddhavasa plane.
Did you look at the pali specifically? There is no suddhavasa word in there. It just said, one has desire and joy with that experience.
Assuming one never fall from that Samma samadhi state, then when the body is death. It is guaranteed to that realm. But if one fall away from there, then depend on where the mind directed it.
Also how about this AN 4.123. There are more, please check more Sutta.
No one can predict until one is there.
…“There is the case where an individual, withdrawn from sensuality, withdrawn from unskillful qualities, enters & remains in the first jhana: rapture & pleasure born from withdrawal, accompanied by directed thought & evaluation. He savors that, longs for that, finds satisfaction through that. Staying there—fixed on that, dwelling there often, not falling away from that—then when he dies he reappears in conjunction with the devas of Brahma’s retinue. The devas of Brahma’s retinue, monks, have a life-span of an eon.
A run-of-the-mill person having stayed there, having used up all the life-span of those devas, goes to hell, to the animal womb, to the state of the hungry shades.
But a disciple of the Blessed One, having stayed there, having used up all the life-span of those devas, is unbound right in that state of being.
This, monks, is the difference, this the distinction, this the distinguishing factor, between an educated disciple of the noble ones and an uneducated run-of-the-mill person, when there is a destination, a reappearing. …