- Here I will limit my argument only to one specific point.
First, I will quote the standard description of the first and second jhana, here taken from the Mental Absorption Sutta, AN4.123, https://suttacentral.net/en/an4.123/2-3.216:
“There is the case where an individual, withdrawn from sensuality, withdrawn from unskillful qualities, enters & remains in the first jhana: rapture & pleasure born from withdrawal (vivekajaṁ), accompanied by directed thought & evaluation…
Again, there is the case where an individual, with the stilling of directed thoughts & evaluations, enters & remains in the second jhana: rapture & pleasure born of composure (samādhijaṁ), unification of awareness free from directed thought & evaluation—internal assurance.”
My argument is build on the bolded text.
I am born of my mother. Logically my mother is a necessary prerequisite for my birth as well as that temporally she must be before I become. When I apply this to the jhana, I come up with this:
first there is withdrawal/seclusion (viveka) and then (born of) there is the first absorption. The seclusion is still outside of the first absorption.
first there is composure/concentration (Samadhi) and then (born of) there is the second absorption.
I do not find it convincing that ‘born of composure’ and the arising of composure as a jhana-factor should occur simultaneously at the threshold of the second absorption. I argue, that samadhi is a jhana-factor of the first absorption and functions as the basis for the development of rapture and pleasure, that is to say ‘born of composure’.
Let me know what you think.