I’m interested in identifying the botanical names of the trees that the seven Buddha’s got awakened under and that are mentioned in the Mahapadana sutta of the Digha Nikaya.
I feel that meditating under big trees is a somewhat neglected aspect of serious meditation practice and would like to perform meditative experiments in this area. It is mentioned in the suttas that there are devas living in these trees (as well as in medicinal plants and herbs), and I feel that these pure beings can be helpful in our practice. Please, I don’t want to make this post into a debate if devas exist or not, for the purposes of this discussion let’s take it as a given. Another way of looking at it is in terms of the meditator connecting with the living energy of a very calm and still being which doesn’t think, here talking about the tree itself, as well as the tree being a type of energy transformer between the energies of the earth and the sky.
So, I have compiled a list from Maurice Walshe’s DN 14 translation and would appreciate any help in identifying the correct botanical names of these trees, as well as corrections in case he has made a mistake? I feel that maybe in Rhys Davids’ translation he might have provided the names in footnotes but don’t have the book to hand, is it available somewhere for download?
Anyway, here is my list:
From Digha Nikaya, 14. Mahapadana Sutta, the great discourse of the lineage
Buddha Vipassi, trumpet flower tree, pali (citrapātali, cittapātali), (Bignonsis suaveolens)
Buddha Sikkhi, pundarika, white mango tree according to Walshe but white lotus according to pali dictionary
Buddha Vessabhū, sāl tree, (Shorea Robusta)
Buddha Kakusandha, acacia tree, acacia sirissa? Isn’t there many types of acacia? Which exactly?
Buddha Konāgamana, fig tree, glomerous fig tree, (Ficus glomerata)
Buddha Kassapa, Banyan tree (Ficus indica)
Buddha Gotama, assatha tree, Bodhi tree (Ficus religiosa)