According to Theravāda tradition. And if any Mahāyāna monk can present also their tradition.
Can I please get the answers from Elder Monks. (10 vassa+)
Because I wonder what is the tradition of each. Because it seems that in the Agama the Jatakas doesn’t make sense anymore as I usually believed it was. Buddha saying,
Ananda, at that time I benefited myself, benefited others, and ben- efited many people. I had compassion for the whole world and I sought prosperity, benefit, peace and happiness for gods and human beings. The teaching I gave at that time did not lead to the ultimate
So if it was not leading to Nirvana. How can tradition be that what he did leaded to Nirvana.
the World-honored One made his initial vow [to follow] the path [of becoming] a buddha and practiced the holy life.
That at the time of Kassapa Buddha the World-honored One made his initial vow [to follow] the path [of becoming] a buddha and practiced the holy life, this I remember as an extraordinary quality of the World- honored One.
I have heard that the World-honored One, having at the time of Kassapa Buddha made his initial vow [to follow] the path [of becom- ing] a buddha and practiced the holy life, was reborn in the Tusita heaven
So in this tradition since taking this first vow he practiced under a Buddha went Tusita heaven and stayed there until his Bodhisatta path follows when he came back to Earth until it finally reached Nirvana. But that was it’s completion. It’s completion was after he benefited others. And Dhamma was grounded. So actually he is bodhisatta even after becoming a Buddha.
He repeat again that the Dhamma he followed in present leaded to the Ultimate. So the path for this tradition started in the present life, atleast that he understood Dhamma, with Buddha Kassapa there is no proof how he practiced. If he was a good student etc
The teaching I now give leads to the ultimate, is the ultimate purity, the ultimate completion of the holy life. I have now abandoned birth, old age, sickness, death, sorrow, and distress. I have now attained complete liberation from suffering.
This is what the Buddha said.
So the perfections as supposed happened during Jatakas as if to lead to Nirvana. Atleast in this tradition doesn’t make sense anymore for me. If the path he followed didn’t lead to Nirvana. How can perfection also lead to Nirvana?
It’s seems to be more natural to believe that the Dhamma he heard before in the his past from Buddhas and Arahants as being the path that leads to Enlightenment, was finally understood in the present life. That’s it’s something he never heard before. Because actually the past person ears is not the present one.
(Quotes MADHYAMA ĀGAMA (MIDDLE-LENGTH DISCOURSES) VOLUME I)