Neurophysiology explains that the consciousness is a result of the brain. There are number of studies showing relationship of the brain to psychic function.
Even though buddhism has so many explainations about mind and its functions, understanding the concept is a difficult task. The mind is the essence of your being and a body without a mind has no deference to a log of wood. Consciousness is generally thought of as being comprised of two critical components - arousal and awareness according to science. There are no technical way to detect the consciousness or the mind. (Edited)
Eventhough EBT explains the mind and consciousness clearly, it has no explaination about the function of the brain in a being. If the brain is essential to be a living being, there should be an explaination in EBTs. However, in my opinion, there is no deference in the brain from the other body parts according to EBTs. Later Buddhist texts (later abhidamma texts), explain that the mind is associated with the blood within the heart and even those texts have no explainations on brain function.
There are brain mapping and resonance imaging techniques to relate mind and brain function. There are number of findings about relationship of the brain and thoughts. There is no doubt, the brain plays an incredibly important role in mind function. But, could mind be confined to what’s inside our skull?
Some recent findings and theories explain there may be some relationship between the mind and heart. Some argue mind is not localized to the brain. There are lots of debates going on.
Could consciousness be a result of the brain according to EBT?
What might be the relationship between the consciousness and the brain?
Note: The word “Consciousness” is used to denote being alive and as a word to denote viññāṇa. This makes some confusions.