Hello everyone. I was reading some of Ven Analayo’s studies, and I happened to stumble on the topic of the five hindrances and the seven factors of awakening. There, he talked about SN 46.53 and its parallels in Chinese and Tibetan.
What caught my interest was when he said that being sluggish and restless (agitated) refers to the hindrances of dullness and drowsiness, and restlessness and remorse respectively. Piya Tan also agrees in identifying being sluggish and restless with those mentioned hindrances.
In Pali, the words for being sluggish and restless are “līna” and “uddhata”; in Chinese, they are “微劣” and “掉”. So, I can’t but wonder if the hindrances of sensual desire and ill will can be included in being restless since a person will likely be restless or agitated when he or she has sensual desire or when he or she is angry or feeling annoyed by someone or something. Likewise with the hindrance of doubt for being sluggish since a doubtful person may stop doing something out of doubt. I find it really helpful that sensual desire and ill will should be dealt with by calming the mind, while doubt should be dealt with by investigation.
In other words, what I would like to know is if being sluggish and restless (“līna” and “uddhata” in Pali and “微劣” and “掉” in (Agama) Chinese) in the contexts of both SN 46.53 and SA 714 only refer to the hindrances of dullness and drowsiness, and restlessness and remorse, or if they are just general terms that can be applied to the other hindrances as well.
Any thoughts ? (any relevant opinion is welcomed, especially if such opinion is based on knowledge of either Pali or Chinese).