I agree with this.
A few thoughts and another angle from which to look at the OP.
I’d ask - What is the purpose of the curiosity? Curiosity is basically a desire and the question would be - what is being desired or craved? Knowledge and understanding about something… Does the thing craved lead to progress on the Path, or is it something that needs to be restrained. ie is it a desire about something necessary for progress or one not leading to the goal?
SO the pertinent aspect would be the object of the craving. To me it is this aspect that enables discernment of whether it is part of Right Effort and Right Mindfulness, Energy, Investigation etc. I feel that it is impossible to practice these aspects absent some curiosity… one is looking and investigating to see how the Khandas work in order to penetrate Delusion. This requires curiosity about how the khandas work, how delusion is generated in order to transcend delusion.
It is our desire to understand the human condition, or any state of Being, trapped in Samsara (suffering 1st NT) the causes of its arising, the causes of its cessation and how to implement, activate and follow the N8fP in order to end rebirth, then that desire (curiosity) is what is needed. Without it one would not question our condition and escape or Liberation would not be possible.
So if the object is aligned with this aim, is wholesome and about progressing on the path then that is beneficial and part of the training, but if it is not about this then it would fit into the ‘idle/frivolous’ or unwholesome categories.
Curiosity about other things is curiosity about the contents of Samasara rather than the mechanics of how and why we remain trapped in Samsara…
Of course this is neither good nor bad, it is just a question of whether it constitutes the training as outlined in following the Path.
Desire for knowledge about the world is an interesting thing to analyse, and I’d suggest this is directly linked to the Asavas (all 4). In the ultimate sense, if one is aiming for Nibbana, then all the Asavas need to be abandoned.
I’ll just mention that curiosity in order to develop and possess knowledge and views is something interesting to contemplate. Especially when considered together with Identity/Self view and Bhavasava, and could be seen as ponobhavika.
Note; in this reply I am talking about the goal of Nibbana, which requires relinquishment of this world. Not about other aims of improving or living successfully in the world.
So to posit an answer for the OP - What would an Arahant be curious about if the goal has been attained? Even when Enlightened, while one is interacting with the world, with Khandas intact, then functionality needs to be maintained. This functionality is linked to continued survival and beneficial wholesome interactions with others. Awareness, mindfulness and situational awareness must all be active… so whether you want to classify the force that drives where attention is placed as curiosity or not will determine how the answers are framed… I’m not convinced that this is such a useful framework to use in this circumstance.
Just something to consider