Buddhism has always stood by this idea that everything isn’t reducible to matter, and that consciousness is separate. This idea that mind is not more than just matter, but something totally separate that just interacts with matter.
The issue I’m having is that in all the suttas I’ve read, I never have seen a really clear description of this. There’s times when the Buddha talks about consciousness descending, but that’s hardly saying it’s separate. I’ve always thought it just meant that consciousness appears. It seems to me that mind, and the experience of it, is definitely something different than matter, but there’s really no reason for me to think it is separate, or not the result of it. Even talking about beings that have no body, that still doesn’t mean that aren’t the result of some kind of matter, patterns of higher dimensional electricity or some quantum mysteriousness. I’m just wondering if there is really anywhere in the suttas that directly says that there is a duality of mind and matter. I’m even willing to hop on the neutral monism train. I am talking about something very clear cut, not what could just be poetic phrasing or metaphor. That’s the real problem for me here, that in all the places that even mention something regarding this, it’s very vague and I don’t see any reason to read mind not from matter out of it.
The one I can think of off the top of my head is where it mentions a consciousness element, but even those elements are actually literal, it’s not like all form is just made out of earth, fire, water, and air. These themselves are metaphors and not actually elements like on the periodic table, so there’s no reason to think the consciousness element is any different. If you have any suttas that you think show this, please comment with them.