Eight or ten?

It is copy from Anguttara nikaya ten nipata (13) 3. Parisuddhavaggo

  1. Paṭhamasuttaṃ

  2. ‘‘Dasayime , bhikkhave, dhammā parisuddhā pariyodātā, nāññatra sugatavinayā. Katame dasa? Sammādiṭṭhi, sammāsaṅkappo, sammāvācā, sammākammanto, sammāājīvo, sammāvāyāmo, sammāsati, sammāsamādhi, sammāñāṇaṃ, sammāvimutti – ime kho, bhikkhave, dasa dhammā parisuddhā pariyodātā, nāññatra sugatavinayā’’ti. Paṭhamaṃ.

I thing it is the real path of Buddhism! Even we know eight noble path but when we read from pali canon ten dhamma to purify our mind? Why ?


For non-Pali readers, here’s the English translation:

“Mendicants, there are ten right ways. What ten? Right view, right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right immersion, right knowledge, and right freedom. These are the ten right ways.”



The ninth and tenth factors are all about fruition of insight and freedom from suffering.
The most comprehensive list is the one made up of 37 elements, the bodhipakkhiya-dhamma. See AN7.71:


“In one of right concentration, right knowledge… In one of right knowledge, right release comes into being. Thus the learner is endowed with eight factors, and the arahant with ten.” MN 117 (Thanissaro)

Learner= stream-enterer

The above should not be taken to indicate that right release proceeds directly from right concentration (absorption). Right knowledge and right release arise as a result of interrelation between serenity and insight. Right concentration should rather be seen as the proponent of serenity, and right effort as that of insight, mindfulness being the managing factor. Whether the theme of insight or serenity is pursued depends on the state of mind at the time (SN 46.53).