I wanted to share this in response to @Sujith asking me about AN10.58. The term dhamma has many meanings and it can be dhamma= phenomena or dhamma= teachings. My understanding now is that it refers to the latter. In my notes below 1. refers to the current translations 2. refers to my preferred understanding. I have inserted comments in [ ] to explain my reasoning, as well:
Chandamūlakā, āvuso, sabbe dhammā,
- All things are rooted in desire. [Nibbana, isn’t rooted in anything]
- Teachings are rooted in wholesome desire to understand the Dhamma.
Manasikārasambhavā sabbe dhammā,
- They come into being through attention. [phenomena doesn’t come into being through attention, or contemplation. It comes into being from avijja, or upadana according to the DO]
- Contemplating teachings, the come alive to the learner.
Phassasamudayā sabbe dhammā,
- They originate from contact.
[sense bases, consciousness and objects of awareness-nama-rupa, and Nibbana, doesn’t arise from contact; only feelings, perception and fabrications arise from contact].
- Contemplation and the teachings come under fabrications, hence arises from contact (phassa).
Vedanāsamosaraṇā sabbe dhammā,
They converge upon feeling.
[Nibbana doesn’t- it doesn’t have any feeling or perception attached to it].
All teachings align to getting rid of unpleasant feelings (suffering). [not the good fit, here]
Samādhippamukhā sabbe dhammā,
- They are headed by concentration. [abhidhamma I think claims that all phenomena have a Samadhi component, though the concept of Samadhi is something which requires to be developed, according to EBTs.]
- Concentration is required to focus on and to understand and give rise to the teachings.
Satādhipateyyā sabbe dhammā,
Mindfulness exercises authority over them. [defilements and hindrances can control mindfulness sometimes, as can some powerful positive emotions]
The teachings can ‘arise’ only when one is intentionally mindful of it.
Paññuttarā sabbe dhammā,
Wisdom is their supervisor. [reasonable, but one could say Nibbana or Vimutti is the highest Dhamma]
Wisdom is the highest teaching, and not other types of teaching.
Vimuttisārā sabbe dhammā,
Liberation is their core.
[conditioned- the 3 marks is their core, nibbna- liberation is at the core]
Liberation is the core purpose of the teachings.
Amatogadhā sabbe dhammā,
They culminate in the deathless.
[reasonable, but not inevitably]
The teachings (when practiced) should culminate in nibbana.
Nibbānapariyosānā sabbe dhammā’ti.
Their consummation is nibbāna.
The consummation or perfection of the teachings is nibbana.