Why anicca is not just impermenance?
Take for example a coffee cup, if it get stained you need to clean it. If the stain on the cup is too bad , you may just replace it. So, you see that the cup is not impermenance but you still discard it, why?
Here anicca means not getting what one’s desire. If the cup breaks, that cup is also not impermenance but subject to change, perishable.
There are many things that you can think of that is not just impermanence (addhuva) but is the nature of anicca:
- disintegrating (paloka)
- fickle (caḷa)
- perishable (pabhaṅgu)
- subject to change (vipariṇāmadhamma)
- conditioned (saṅkhata)
- worthless (asāraka)
- subject to death (maraṇadhamma)
- non existence (vibhava)
This anicca characteristic is described in the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta SN 56.11 in the verse “yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ” which means “not getting (na labhati) what one’s desire (yampicchaṃ) that too is (tampi) suffering (dukkhaṃ)”.
Not getting what one’s desire means anicca and that too is suffering.
Another aspect of tilakkhana is anatta which also leads to suffering. Anything that is not within one’s control also leads to suffering. That is anatta means “not in-control”.
There are four other contemplation of anatta:
- Lowly (para).
- Empty (ritta).
- Deserted (tuccha).
- Void (suñña).
You may want to read the post “Attā and anattā real meaning reveal in the sutta” to understand what is anatta.