This is an extremely comprehensive grammar. Too much for initial study, but super-useful to look up things not found elsewhere.
Syntax of the cases
Anandajoti’s edition of Wijesekera’s classic study on the syntax of noun cases. A fantastic piece of work, and covers many obscure situations. Again, not for beginners, but keep it in your pocket for reference.
I wasn’t sure whether I should share this, but since I hit the publish button and now it’s on the internet I may as well post the link. This is a (work in progress) summary of my grammar notes from studying Warder Lessons 1-12 (the content of the course). I will be modifying it over time, and add additional Lessons (my intention is cover up to at least Lesson 16 which are the fundamentals of Pali grammar).
I’ve created a small collection of examples of Pali sentences that illustrates specific grammatical “patterns” - all taken from the exercises in Warder.
So far, up to Lesson 2, the sentences are relatively simple, so I’ve extracted four “examples” from the exercises. I’ll try and add more examples to the collection as the course progresses.
I welcome feedback and suggestions on any additional patterns that you may think is worthwhile to include in this collection. Please limit the examples to material covered in the course/Warder only for the time being - otherwise it might get confusing too early.
The sentences are presented as “pseudo class diagrams” illustrating the grammatical analysis of how each word contribute to the sentence, and the classification of the words in accordance with their inflectional endings. I’ve used Unicode symbols to represent singular vs plural, 1st/2nd/3rd person, masculine/feminine etc. and numbers to represent the cases (1 = nominative, 2 = accusative etc.) in accordance with Pali grammar convention. Use the key at the top of the page to decode the symbols.
Believe it or not, it is a “trilinear” translation - but not expressed linearly, but as a hierarchical tree.
I would also like feedback on whether the diagram format is appropriate and easy to understand. I would ideally have preferred a different diagram style, but the diagrams are drawn in something called “mermaid” which is optimised for these kind of diagrams. It is not a general purpose diagramming tool so I am limited by the diagram types it supports.
Thank you, Gillian! I also have found a site with many of the suttas chanted (by various monastics) – including the three recommended by Bhante for memorization: https://www.audiotip.org
The page is not completely intuitive but good enough for getting into AN, KN, DN, MN, and SN
Digital Pali Dictionary is great! Using it on a Mac.
Interesting I can get the shortcut key to work in things like Word, but not in Sutta Central. I suppose it’s because it won’t work with online content?
Hardly a deal-breaker … now I feel no compulsion to buy a paper-based dictionary.
It should work everywhere, but it can be a bit flaky. I have it working on SC. Try fiddling with the settings.
Christie, you’re doing great work! I’ll add these to the resources. These are fantastic for people looking for visual aids. Personally I’m more of a word person, but it really depends on personal modes of cognition. I’ll look into using some of these for the classes, if you don’t mind.
A list of Pali roots (about 1700), which conjugation group they belong in, their English meaning, the equivalent Sanskrit root and meaning, plus indexes into the various Pali grammar books they came from.
As you can see, the majority of verbs (just under 65%) belong in conjugation group 1 (bhūvādigaṇa) so if you encounter a word you don’t know, the chances are it’s in this group. The other groups are very small, quite often less than 100 roots per group.
This is the list of roots from various sources, summarised into a spreadsheet:
I installed it correctly (it would seem); however, I can’t figure out how to make the keyboard render in pali characters, even though I have selected EasyUnicode as the source keyboard.
Thanks for any suggestions! (I assume you have a Mac.)
There should be a keyboard map that came with the download. I press and hold the option button on my Mac and then press the letter with diacritical.
Option n gives n underdot, option m gives m underdot, option less than sign m overdot, etc.
Holding both control and option down and then pressing n gives the eng sign.